Physics students from the University of Leicester have explored a feasible way to harness the power of earthquakes during a disaster in order to keep vital systems powered.
By using a magnet inside a coil during the shaking of tectonic plates that occurs during an earthquake, the students suggest that the magnetic field created by the shaking could generate a current which could potentially be harnessed.
U Leicester says that the students presented their findings in a short article for the Journal of Physics Special Topics, a peer-reviewed student journal run by the University’s Department of Physics and Astronomy.
Research assistant Elliott Spender from the Department of Physics and Astronomy said: “Whilst much more research would be needed to fully apply the idea, the purpose of the paper was to illustrate that there are methods of adapting to events that are usually considered destructive, such as an earthquake, to provide something constructive.”
The student study initially examined how much energy could have been generated by the Kobe earthquake of 1995 in Japan, which measured 7.2 on the Richter scale.
They then applied their model to San Francisco, examining the Millennium Tower, the tallest residential building in the city. The tower has a surface area of 1,300m2 meaning that if the foundations of the building were built using generator blocks then approximately 770W would be generated in an earthquake of magnitude 7.2.
The students conclude that it may be possible to generate a useful amount of electricity during an earthquake that could be used to power emergency lighting or other vital systems.
Further investigation into more efficient methods of energy generation could potentially prevent damage to buildings by absorbing the energy transferred from the earthquake to the building.
— Read a feature about how “zany” science projects help students learn how to communicate research findings; read the student paper: E. I. Spender et al., “P1_5 Disastrous Generator,” Journal of Physics Special Topics (19 November 2015); see a video of Elliott discussing the research on PhysicsWorld.
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